Along with Satan, he too has angels which is present in the verses previously looked at in part one:
And there was war in heaven; Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, [Rev. 12:7 KJV]
And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. [Rev. 12:9 KJV]
Before going any deeper, what exactly are angels in general? Studying in the word’s origin, in the 14th century Old English the word literally meant an errand-spirit. In Greek, the word angello meant ‘a messenger’ and sometimes could symbolically imply reference to say a pastor or some spiritual leader who would bring forth a message from God. Within these verses, however must understand that the implications of a ‘pastor’ would be incorrect and that the spiritual being are the obvious conclusion.
Now that we understand that angels are spirits, there are different kinds of angels and spirits. For demons (unclean spirits/angels), we have reference of the types associated with Satan.
Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. [Eph. 6:11-12 KJV]
In verse eleven, we see that before describing what we battle against, that we must prepare of the wiles (trickeries) of the devil. Then in verse twelve we find that we wrestle not against flesh and blood. In other words, our battles are spiritual and we must know how we are attacked spiritually, not physically.
Since we are on subject of angels, we can briefly look into the acclaimed celestial hierarchy which depicts the possible ranks of types of angels. This was originally produced by a pseudonym of Dionysius the Areopagite. A full detailed study on this can be found at this link where I look at all the biblical references to cross-examine the celestial hierarchy of Dionysius: Angels Hierarchy of Heaven.
Below is a table to demonstrate the structure of the celestial hierarchy (1 being highest in rank, 9 being lowest in rank) within the three choirs:
|First Choir||Second Choir||Third Choir|
|1). Seraphim||4). Dominions||7). Principalities|
|2). Cherubim||5). Virtues||8). Archangels|
|3). Thrones||6). Powers||9). Angels|
Out of these nine we know of three types that are mentioned in Ephesians to be on guard against: one Cherub being Satan, powers, and then principalities. These are the only ones named, however, all evil spirits are demonic angels since angels are spirits. It is not clear that these are the only types of angels that are “fallen” but my guess is that one-third did follow Lucifer seen here:
And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born. [Rev. 12:3-4 KJV]
We should be aware that the dragon is the representation of satan. Next if we look at the stars mentioned, these can be representation of angels (heavenly bodies no longer heavenly).
Sons of God
Moving on to another area, we find something interesting and probably even controversial; the ‘sons of God.’
And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose. And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh; yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years. There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. [Gen 6:1-4 KJV]
In this passage we see a group called ‘sons of God’ who seen that the ‘daughters of men’ were fair. Stop, and grab hold of this. There is two clear classifications being stated:
- sons of God
- daughters of men
Between these there is an obvious difference, however the situation is, “What is exactly different?” Everyone should at least agree that an evil action occurred resulting of giants being created. Notice how the sons are in relation to God and how the daughters are in relation to men or rather humanity.
Is there anything else? After the ‘sons of God’ seen the fairness of the ‘daughters of men’ we see that wives were chosen of whomever they wanted. A little note here, seems that this may have not been mutual between the two different groups. As soon as this is mention we find that the Lord said “My spirit shall not always strive with man…” It is obvious here as well that the Lord did not approve of this so he reduce the life of man down to 120 years. After this it is mentioned that in those days there was giants. Alright, stop again. The combination of ‘sons of God’ and ‘daughters of men’ results in creation of giants. We clearly see that the ‘sons of God’ came into the ‘daughters of men;’ obviously they reproduced bringing forth mighty men of old and renown (famous) being giants such as Goliath.
So now to the question, who or what are the sons of God? Honestly I cannot say exactly what or who is being discussed there in Genesis 6, however, two main theories exist. The first is that the ‘sons of God’ are fallen angels (demons); hence why I have brought the subject into this page on subject of angels. The second is the ‘sons of God’ were men who descended from Adam’s grandson Enosh. To truly understand each would require a separate study on this subject alone. Personally, however I lean towards the fallen angel theory and respect the other theories.